Indie 2.0: Change and Continuity in Contemporary American Indie Film
What is the state of American indie cinema in the second decade of the twenty-first century? Some have forecast an end to the viability of an indie sector marked by the appearance of films with ambitions significantly beyond those of the commercial mainstream. But, as this book demonstrates, plenty of distinctively indie productions continue to thrive, even in the face of difficult economic circumstances. Using the term indie 2.0 to denote the particular form of independent feature production that achieved cultural prominence in this contemporary period, Geoff King explores new opportunities for indie films, including the use of low-cost digital video and the pursuit of the internet and social media as alternative means of funding, distribution, promotion and sales. Other detailed case studies focus on the ultra-low-budget 'mumblecore' movement; the social realism of filmmakers such as Kelly Reichardt and Ramin Bahrani; the 'digital desktop' aesthetics of Susan Buice and Arin Crumley's "Four Eyed Monsters" and Jonathan Caouette's "Tarnation", and the articulation of notions of 'true' indie in opposition to what are seen by some as the quirky contrivances of cross-over hits such as "Little Miss Sunshine" and "Juno".